Irregular verbs example: set, sew, shake, shave, shear

  present past past participle
* Could be conjugated as a regular verb
To set: poner, ambientar set (set) set (set) set (set)
No sooner had he arrived than he set his suitcase on the floor.
The movie is set in San Francisco in the early ‘60s.
I don’t want to oversleep so I’ll set the alarm clock for six.
To sew: coser sew (sóu) sewed (sóud) sewn* (sóun)
A dressmaker sewed my wedding dress.
The seams in Dad’s suit were sewn by a tailor.
Mom, could you please sew the button on this jacket?
To shake: sacudir, agitar, hacer temblar shake (shéik) shook (shúuk) shaken (shéiken)
The whole city was shaken by the earthquake.
Shake the bottle well before you take this medicine.
I asked my uncle to lend me his car but he shook his head in disapproval.
To shave: afeitarse, rasurar shave (shéiv) shaved (shéivt) shaven* (shéiven)
Your beard is growing. You should shave it.
My cousin shaved off his moustache two days ago.
He has shaven his head because he has decided to become a monk.
To shear: esquilar, cortar shear (shíir) shore* (shor) shorn* (shorn)
All the sheep on this farm are shorn twice a year.
The town’s barber shears his hair every other month.
I’ll take my poodle to the pet shop so that they’ll shear her.

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Irregular verbs example: say, see, seek, sell, send

  present past past participle
* Could be conjugated as a regular verb
To say: decir say (séi) said (sed) said (sed)
Excuse me -I couldn’t hear you. What did you say?
“Good morning, madam!” said the janitor.
Listen to me. I have something to say.
To see: ver see (síi) saw (so) seen (síin)
We saw a very good movie last night.
Dave bought a pair of glasses because he can’t see very well.
The murderer was seen running from the scene of the crime.
To seek: buscar seek (síik) sought (sot) sought (sot)
My girlfriend is seeking a new job.
As Peter was involved in an accident, he sought legal advice.
That company has always sought new ways to expand its business.
To sell: vender sell (sel) sold (sóuld) sold (sóuld)
My neighbours sold their house to Mr. Walker for $500,000.
Most record stores sell CD’s and DVD’s.
This novel has sold so well that it has been reprinted many times.
To send: enviar send (send) sent (sent) sent (sent)
Bob sent the parcel by mail yesterday
I need go to the post office to send a letter.
Alison hasn’t sent any e-mails yet.

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Irregular verbs example: ride, ring, rise, run, saw

  present past past participle
* Could be conjugated as a regular verb
To ride: andar en, pasear en, montar ride (ráid) rode (róud) ridden (ríden)
My sister has ridden horses since the age of seven.
When my brother was a teenager, he rode a Harley Davidson.
We love riding our bikes across the park.
To ring: sonar, llamar por teléfono ring (ring) rang (raang) rung (rang)
The phone is ringing!
I rang the doorbell but there was nobody in the house.
Your aunt rang when you were taking a shower.
To rise: levantarse, subir rise (ráis) rose (róus) risen (rísen)
The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
Has the cake risen? It’s been in the oven for 20 minutes.
When the judge walked into the courtroom, everyone rose.
To run: correr run (ran) ran (raan) run (ran)
Sean ran to the station, but missed the train.
My brother can run 100 meters in 11 minutes.
The dog was panting because it had been running.
To saw: serrar, serruchar saw (so) sawed (sod) sawn* (sóon)
Lumberjacks sawed all the trees in this area last month.
Our gardener has sawn a large branch from this tree.
The carpenter is sawing some wood to make a cabinet.

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Irregular verbs example: prove, put, quit, read, rid

  present past past participle
* Could be conjugated as a regular verb
To prove: probar, resultar prove (prúuv) proved (prúuvt) proven* (prúuven)
His attorney believes that the new evidence will prove his innocence.
In the U.S., people are innocent until proven guilty.
Martin’s suspicions proved to be groundless.
To put: poner put (put) put (put) put (put)
Have you put sugar in my tea?
Gracy, put all your toys in the box before dinner.
After the burglary, we put a new lock on the door.
To quit: abandonar, rendirse, dejar quit (kuít) quit (kuít) quit (kuít)
My uncle decided to quit smoking.
If you don’t give me a raise, Mr. Miller, I’ll quit my job.
Betsy is on a diet so she had to quit junk food.
To read: leer read (ríiid) read (red) read (red)
Have you read any of his novels?
Should I read this book, Miss Anderson?
Vivian read about the accident in yesterday’s newspaper.
To rid: librar, desembarazar rid (rid) rid* (rid) rid* (rid)
Jack left home because he wanted to be rid of his parents.
We got rid of old clothes by calling the Salvation Army.
Alex ridded himself of guilt by telling the truth.

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Irregular verbs example: misunderstand, mow, overhear, overtake, pay

  present past past participle
* Could be conjugated as a regular verb
To misunderstand: entender mal misunderstand(misanderstánd) misunderstood(misanderstúud) misunderstood(misanderstúud)
I thought Dr. Evans was your physician. I must havemisunderstood you.
You misunderstood my intentions. I just want to help you.
Don’t misunderstand Sarah—she is grateful for your assistance.
To mow: segar, cortar mow (móu) mowed (móud) mown (móun)
Our gardener mowed the lawn last week.
I can feel the smell of grass. Dad must have mown the back yard.
May I borrow your mower? I need to mow my lawn.
To overhear: oír por casualidad, oír sin intención de ello overhear (ouverjíier) overheard(ouverjérd) overheard(ouverjérd)
I overheard Mr. Gray saying that he had fire Edward.
Let’s speak quietly so as not to be overheard.
We sometimes overhear our neighbors arguing.
To overtake: sobrepasar overtake (ouvertéik) overtook (ouvertúuk) overtaken(ouvertéiken)
You mustn’t overtake vehicles on a curve because it’s very dangerous.
We had to brake because we were overtaken by a huge truck.
Knowing that she might drown, desperation overtook her.
To pay: pagar pay (péi) paid (péid) paid (péid)
How much did you pay for that car?
The Smiths paid $400,000 for their new house.
George doesn’t have enough money to pay for his debt.

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Irregular verbs example: mean, meet, melt, mislead, mistake

  present past past participle
* Could be conjugated as a regular verb
To mean: significar, querer decir, tener la intención de mean (míin) meant (ment) meant (ment)
I don’t understand. What do you mean?
I’m sorry I spilled your drink. I didn’t mean to.
Caroline had meant to help me but he couldn’t.
To meet: encontrarse con, conocer meet (míit) met (met) met (met)
Have you ever met a famous movie star before?
Let’s meet for a drink on Saturday.
Tracy met her husband when she was a college student.
To melt: derretir melt (melt) melted (mélted) molten* (móulten)
If you place an ice cube on a hot surface, it melts.
The sun had melted the snow on the roof.
To prepare the recipe, I melted some butter in a pan.
To mislead: engañar, despistar, llevar por mal camino mislead (mislíid) misled (misléd) misled (misléd)
The accused misled the jury during the trial.
He has misled us on purpose about his actual motive.
Witnesses who mislead the police commit a serious offence.
To mistake: confundir, interpretar mal mistake (mistéik) mistook (mistúuk) mistaken (mistéiken)
The woman mistook his gesture and got furious.
Alice has mistaken the dog’s welcoming bark as a threat.
I mistook the man’s good intentions and got offended.

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Irregular verbs example: let, lie, light, lose, make

  present past past participle
* Could be conjugated as a regular verb
To let: dejar, permitir let (let) let (let) let (let)
Let me just finish this and I’ll help you.
Let’s go out to dinner tonight.
Daisy’s parents didn’t let her go to the party.
To lie: yacer, echarse, quedar lie (lái) lay (léi) lain (léin)
London lies in the south of England.
There was a dead snake lying on the road.
My wife was very tired so she lay down to take a nap.
To light: encender light (láit) lit* (lit) lit* (lit)
At nightfall, the campers lit a fire and sat around it.
Mary was nervous, so she took out a cigarette and lit it.
There was a power cut, so she had to light some candles.
To lose: perder lose (lúus) lost (lost) lost (lost)
If you keep telling lies, you’ll lose all your friends.
My wife lost all our money in the casino.
I need to go to the embassy because I’ve just lost my passport.
To make: hacer make (méik) made (méid) made (méid)
I’ve just made a cake. Would you like a slice?
Is your shirt made of cotton?
Make your bed before you go to school, Ted.

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